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Tips for Starting Survival Fire

Knowing how to create a fire is among of the most fundamental skills required for survival in the wilderness. A fire can do many things. It helps you stay warm and dry. You will be able to cook food and sterilize bandages and water with it. It can keep dangerous animals away while the smoke keeps flying insects at bay. Of course, you can also use it to signal for help.

Picking a Fireplace

Before you start a fire, pick a place for it. You need to choose well as location matters a lot. First find a place where there’s good supply of wood and fuel and the fire can be protected from the wind.

There should be no dry vegetation nearby or anything that might catch fire. As you probably know, safety is always the number one priority. Remove any debris in the area and begin the fire on solid ground, a flat shale of rock or a layer of stones. This will prevent a ground fire as well as leave zero trace of the fire, save for soot stones.

Choosing Your Fire Material
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To start a fire, you must do it gradually, starting with smaller wood pieces and moving on to bigger ones as the fire builds up.
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Tinder

You need a material that will be easy to start a fire with, such as good tinder, which only requires a spark to ignite. Of course, it is important that the tinder is fully dry. There are many things you can use for tinder such as grass, leaves, resin, bark and paper. Resin is found in spruce and pine trees. What’s nice about resin is its ability to burn whether wet or dry.

A knife is all you need to turn dry sticks and pieces of bark into powdery tinder. Remember, tinder is the most important part of your fire so be sure to prepare it right.
If you have some resin, cover small twigs and sticks with it. Have enough tinder available to keep your fire going. Begin gathering tinder even before you need it, and have it in your pocket or backpack so that it’s when it’s time to use it.

Kindling

Highly combustible, kindling is a good addition to burning timber. Best to use are sticks and twigs that are small and dry. They must easily light when you place them on a small flame.

Fuel

As your fire is established, you can begin adding larger bits of firewood, but make sure they are totally dry. Dead trees make some of the best providers of dry firewood.

Final Tips

As we have said earlier, safety must be your main priority when starting a fire. That includes never leaving camp until the fire is completely out. And definitely, it’s wise to check twice or sometimes thrice.